Agrarian Change and Tropical landscapes
ForLives Member: Dr. Terry Sunderland
A landscape approach exploring food security and livelihoods impacted by land-use change in tropical regions. The project examines socioeconomic, conservation and food security outcomes in multi-functional landscapes due to agrarian changes caused by changing local food supply and pressures. Trade-offs and synergies were evaluated under the key themes of: changes in forest cover, dependency on forest products, farming practices, tenure institutions, conservation outcomes, and major economic activities.
Location: West Kalimantan, Indonesia
Partner Organizations: Centre International Forestry Research (CIFOR); Bogore Agriculture University, University of Indonesia; Riakbumi.
Agroforestry for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services
ForLives Member: Sean Smukler
This project evaluated agroforestry options and their impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services. An example utilizing “slash and mulch” as an alternative to “slash and burn” agriculture.
Location: El Salvador
Partner Organizations: Local Mayors office, Ministry of Environment and Agriculture; University of El Salvador.
More information: http://lfs-abesproj.sites.olt.ubc.ca/
Forest Landscape Restoration and Livelihoods
ForLives Member: Jeanine Rhemtulla; Landscapes and Livelihoods Lab UBC
In southern Malawi, much of the Miombo woodland ecosystem has been degraded, deforested or converted into small-holder agriculture. Continued dependence on the forest by communities, largely for fuelwood, calls into question the sustainability of current harvesting practices. This project investigated household forest dependence in Zomba district, and how forest landscape restoration (FLR) could be implemented to restore biodiversity, ecological function, and provision of ecosystem services. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, this project combined social and ecological data: household surveys with community members elucidated socio- economic standing and forest use, and forest plots characterized species diversity and biomass within both degraded forest reserves and relatively intact Miombo woodland reference sites.
Funder: UBC Hampton New Faculty award (2014-2016), NSERC Discovery grant
Partner Organizations: Zomba district smallholder farmers; Tikambirane Community Group; Forestry Research Institute of Malawi (FRIM), Government of Malawi District Forestry Officers.